Endocrine Disorders||Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Well, human body is a combination of various systems that work in synchronization with each other to keep us healthy and fit.

Each system in your body has a specific set of functions to perform, which might be hindered if you don’t take proper precautions, healthy diet and proper exercise etc.

Out of all these systems, Endocrine system is a combination of various glands, which are responsible for production and release of hormones that convert calories into energy for organs to work properly.

Endocrine conditions can often lead to disorders such as diabetes, thyroid issues, poor body growth, sexual problems and many other diseases related to hormonal changes.

Most of these endocrine disorders happen to middle aged people, ranging from 30 to 50 years of age.

 

Endocrine Glands & Their Disorders

As endocrine system is a set of various glands of body that are used to perform specific functions or tasks, let’s have a look at the top glands and disorders related to them.

  • Adrenal GlandsA pair of these glands is present above both kidneys, responsible for releasing the hormone known as the Cortisol. The problems caused because of the deficiency of adrenal hormones include fatigue, stomach imbalance, dehydration, skin problems and Addison’s disease.

  • HypothalamusThis is present at the lower middle part of the brain and it notifies the pituitary gland when there is need to release hormones.The issues related to the hypothalamus include Hypopituitarism, Neurogenic diabetes insipidus, tertiary hypothyroidism and developmental issues.

  • Ovaries – These are the female reproductive organs, which is responsible for releasing eggs and production of sex hormones. The abnormalities in these can cause issues in conceiving a child.
  • Islet CellsThese are present in pancreas and these cells help in secretion of insulin and glucagon in your body. Lack of insulin can result in lower energy and fatigue.
  • ParathyroidThese 4 small glands are the ones that help in the proper development of bones. The issues include hyperthyroidism, which further leads to Hypercalcemia, kidney stones etc.
  • Pineal Gland – This is really essential for controlling your sleeping patterns as it is present in the brain. The problems caused to problems in this are depression, peptic ulcers and sexual dysfunction.
  • Pituitary GlandIt is a small yet very important gland in your body, which is responsible for secretion of hormones that are essential for other glands to perform in the right way. The troubles in pituitary can lead to tumors & hormones imbalance.
  • TestesThese are the male reproductive organs that help in production of sperm and other sexual hormones. Difficulties in reproduction and sexual life are main problems, if there are any issues with them.

  • Thymus It is present in the upper part of chest and it helps in building your body’s immune system. You may experience disorders such as thymoma, myasthenia gravis (MG), pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) etc.
  • ThyroidIt is present in the neck portion of your body and it is essential in controlling your body’s metabolic activities. The diseases may include hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, goiter, thyroid cancer, thyroiditis, etc.

 

Causes

Endocrine disorders (ED) are cause due to hormone imbalance i.e. either lack of endocrine hormone secretion or excess of it. Another reason for ED can be building of lesions such as tumors or nodules, which may affect hormonal levels of endocrine system.

Other known causes of ED include some diseases, failure of inter-gland stimulation for hormones release, genetic issues, infections and presence of a tumor or injury in the gland.

 

Symptoms

As the endocrine system is a group of glands and the diseases related to each gland are different, there are no specific symptoms for ED. Generally, fatigue and weakness are the very first symptoms that are reported by patients. Other signs depend upon your gland being affected, for example, if you have hyperthyroidism then you may experience weight loss, tremors, increased heart rate and nervousness etc. Changes and issues in performing day to day functions may be the first noticeable sign of ED.

 

Treatment Of ED

The treatment plan may include tests of blood and urine to examine the imbalance levels of hormones. The doctor might also prescribe computerized imaging tests to check for tumors and lesions in the system. Then, the treatment plan is specially created according to the disease or disorder you are suffering for, as the medicines for one hormone can affect the levels of other one easily.

 

Thyroid Conditions Due To ED

Thyroid gland (TG) is one of the most essential glands in the human body and is responsible for maintaining the metabolic processes in your body. Any issues in TG can lead to the alterations in its structure or operations performed by it. TG utilized the iodine to produce essential hormones such as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) etc.

 

Disorders Of TG & Their Symptoms

  1. Hypothyroidism – Lack of secretion of thyroid hormone due to problems in TG, pituitary or hypothalamus can lead to this condition. The common signs include tiredness, lack of concentration, skin issues, constipation, depression and joints pain etc.

  2. Hyperthyroidism – This condition is caused due to excessive secretion of thyroid in body and you may notice signs such as weakness, anxiety, excessive perspiration, increased heart rate etc.

  3. Goiter – Goiter is the condition in which the TG enlarges and the most common signs are swelling in neck, coughing, problems in swallowing & breathing and weight gain etc.

  4. Thyroid Cancer – It is most commonly found in adult women and is caused due to production of cancerous cells in TG. Common signs include swelling or pain in neck, changes in voice etc.

 

Treatment

The first phase of treatment includes physical, urine and blood tests followed by the checking of medical history of patient. Blood reports help in knowing the levels of TSH and thyroid hormones while ultrasound might be done to find cysts or nodules in TG. All these imaging and blood reports are then utilized to plan a treatment according to the issues you are suffering.

 

That’s it!

So, this was everything that you need to know about endocrine disorders and thyroid diseases. We really hope that you find this helpful and this information helps you in staying healthy while avoiding all these issues. We would love to answer questions, if you have any and also, we would love your feedback. As it’s said, a healthy body is the key to a happy life.

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