Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Introduction to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

A human body is a very complex structured machine with so many organs, systems and other elements present to perform a specific set of tasks. Medical studies and history have shown that many health issues in women are quite different from men.

One such disorder that is specifically found in women is the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as PCOS. This syndrome is caused due to an increase of male hormones known as androgens, in women.

This problem is known to affect women between ages of 25 to 40 years, mainly when they are at the child conceiving phase.

This disorder often leads to an imbalance of hormones and can cause imbalanced metabolism too. Common issues experienced the patients are heavy periods, no periods, increased facial or body hair, acne & problem in conceiving a child, etc.

This is really a huge health problem that can really crush the happiness of women & couples.


Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Well, most women remain unaware of having this disorder until they have really gained a lot of weight or after marriage, when they have a lot of difficulty in conceiving a child. But to help you better, here are the most common symptoms of PCOS disorder.

Disturbed Period Cycles – As this problem affects the ovulation to reduce directly, this can often lead women to experience lesser periods. In many cases, the number of periods per year might even happen lesser than 8 times.

Heavy Bleeding – As the periods might be held back for a longer time than usual, so you might experience heavy bleeding than usual when they finally happen. You will be able to notice the difference immediately.

Excessive Hair Growth – In more than seventy percent of patients, they tend to experience excessive growth of hair on their face, belly, back, chest & other parts of the body. This phenomena or disorder is basically known as hirsutism.

Acne – You might also experience the breakout of acne on various parts of your body, such as the face, chest and upper portion of the back. The skin is also reported to become oilier than it generally used to be.

Obesity – Studies have shown that if a woman has PCOS, then she may gain a lot of weight and become obese. This has been noticed in more than eighty percent of cases.

Hair Loss Like Men – Many patients have also experienced hair loss and thinning, just like men experience.

Dark Patches In Skin – Another common sign of this syndrome is that you might experience the formation of dark skin patches in areas like neck, groin and below the breasts.

A headache – As the hormonal changes occur in this disorder, women also tend to experience headaches regularly.

Effects Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

While there are many effects caused by your body due to PCOS, here will have a look at the top ones.

Inability To Conceive – The women suffering from this syndrome are less likely to ovulate and ovulation is really necessary in order to produce fertility eggs in their body. So, infertility might be the biggest problem caused by PCOS.

Issues In Metabolism – The polycystic ovary disorder is known to cause obesity and excessive fat in the patients, which might further lead to issues such as increased levels of sugar in the blood, increased blood pressure, decreased levels of HDL cholesterol and increased levels of LDL cholesterol. All these are known to be the root causes of diabetes, heart problems, and strokes.

Loss Of Breath In Sleep – This issue is more common in obese women suffering from PCOS than the non-obese ones. In this issue, the patient tends to lose breath for some time while in sleep. The medical term used for this disorder is Sleep Apnea.

Endometrial Cancer – Lack of ovulation can often lead to thickening of the uterine lining and it can ultimately lead to the development of endometrial cancer in patients.

Depression – As the hormones change and excessive hair growth occurs, this can often lead to depression and anxiety in the patients.

Causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

While there are many possible causes of PCOS, here we will have look at the most common and proven ones.

Genetic – The foremost and most common cause of this syndrome is the inheritance of some particular types of genes from your elder family members or parents.

Lack Of Insulin Utilization – This is also a really common reason behind the PCOS as the patients tend to resist or not utilize the insulin appropriately. This leads lesser conversion of food sugar into energy by the pancreas. As the insulin is not utilized by cells & pancreas is forced to produce more insulin for a body, the ovaries are forced to produce excessive male hormones leading to obesity & diabetes.

Inflammation – Inflammation is more commonly found in overweight women and has been medically proven to generate higher amounts of testosterone in females.

Diagnosis & Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

While there is no specific test that can detect this issue, doctors often tend to analyze your medical history, followed by a physical exam including the pelvic and other blood tests to check cholesterol, glucose and hormonal levels, Imaging tests such as ultrasound might be required to check the uterus and ovaries.

For now, there is no known cure for the polycystic ovary syndrome but there are other ways to manage the effects of this disorder. The treatment plan depends upon your needs and future plans, for example, if you plan to conceive a child then your treatment will be planned accordingly. Most common medications prescribed are:

Birth control pills to ensure the regularity of menstrual cycles and hormone release.

Diabetes medicine to control sugar levels.

Fertility medication is necessary to increase chances of pregnancy, such as clomiphene, metformin, gonadotropin and letrozole etc.

Fertility treatments such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and inseminations.

Surgical treatments may include ovarian drilling, oophorectomy, hysterectomy and cyst aspiration etc.

Other home remedies may include regular exercise, nutritious diet, weight maintenance and avoiding smoking etc,

A conclusion of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

So, this was everything you need to know about PCOS and ways to deal with it. We really hope that all this information proves beneficial to you in staying healthy. If you have any kinds of queries, feel free to drop a comment and we will get in touch with you soon. Always remember, take proper care of your body as it is the only place you have to live in.


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